Dating site in libya
Excavations in the Haua Fteah cave in north-eastern Libya indicate continued human habitation for the last 100,000 years.
The first occupants were Neanderthals, when the Sahara was fertile savannah, grazed upon by herds of gazelle and antelope.
The impact of other external forces on Libya's heritage The Roman period is just one episode in Libya’s rich history.
The Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, and Muslim Arabs all left their mark.
As well as indicating concerns about the country's deteriorating security situation, the move also highlighted its rich cultural heritage.
: An area in the south west with a proliferation of rock art and thousands of cave paintings, some dating back to 12,000 B. The threat of destruction to Libya's cultural heritage These five sites represent just a small part of something much bigger.
As a young man, he had taken part in an archaeological dig at one of the forts on Hadrian’s Wall, and had unearthed the grave of a Roman soldier from Tripolitania, a province of the Roman Empire, now in modern-day Libya.
Before he died in York in AD 211, the emperor Septimius Severus led a force into southern Scotland, beyond Hadrian’s Wall, and built permanent settlements on the east coast to encourage trade.
Finally, the waters off Libya’s coast are home to a number of sites that were submerged after the violent earthquake of AD 365, and the ensuing tsunami that struck the south Mediterranean coast.
Just as Hadrian’s Wall, completed in AD 128, marked the northern extent of the Roman Empire, the line of fortresses built by Septimius – the Limes Tripolitanus – marked the southern limit on the edges of the Sahara desert.
Hadrian's Wall kept out the Picts, while the Limes Tripolitanus protected the magnificent cities of the Mediterranean coast from the marauding Geramantes.
Septimius, the African emperor, was himself a Libyan, hailing from Leptis Magna.
One of the great cities of the ancient world, Leptis Magna was surrounded by fertile olive groves and vineyards, whose oil and wine were famous across the empire.
Libya was also a major centre of early Christianity.